Koko Head Crater Hike

Suitable for:
Active vacationer, nature lover
Insider tip or tourist spot?
Known and much going on
Insider Tip
Allow time:
2.25 Hours
Optimal arrival time:
no matter
Suitable for:
Active vacationer, nature lover
Insider tip or tourist spot?
Known and much going on
Insider Tip
Allow time:
2.25 Hours
Optimal arrival time:
no matter

Profile of the hike

Distance total
1,6 Kilometer
Distance uphill
0,8 Kilometer
Distance downhill
0,8 Kilometer
Altitude meters uphill
294 Meter
Altitude meters downhill
- 294 Meter

Koko Head Crater Hike - Description

Over railroad tracks to the top of Koko Head Craters

Climbing over 1000 steps, balancing on railroad tracks of the Second World War and as a reward enjoying a breathtaking panoramic view from the top of the crater. Indisputably, the hike up Koko Head Crater is one of the most popular and spectacular on the entire island.

Once used by the U.S. Army, the famous Koko Head Stairs are now climbed daily by countless visitors. Locals and sports enthusiasts alike combine the 1050 steps with daily fitness workouts, sprinting up the hulking stairs in minutes, and after a short breather, heading back down at the same pace. Travelers, on the other hand, muster strength and stamina to get a mesmerizing view of the interior, the Port Lock Peninsula and the Hanauma Bay Nature Reserve. On a clear day with cloudless skies, the view is breathtaking. Visitors are treated to sweeping views of verdant nature and Hawaii's shimmering turquoise coastline. Strength and endurance are two crucial points of the hike. It certainly won't be easy, but the effort will be rewarded by a mesmerizing view. Don't worry, no matter what fitness level, anyone can handle the Railway steps. After all, the hike is not a marathon. Everyone sets their own pace here and can decide for themselves how fast they want to walk and how many breaks are taken. Depending on how fast you go and how long you stay on the summit, it takes about one to two hours to go up and down. More interesting information about the background of the bunker and how to climb the summit can be found here in the article.

koko head hike oahu 360 Oʻahu


In the times of World War II, several bunkers were built on Hawaii by the US Army for military purposes. One of them is the bunker on Koko Head Crater. In order to provide access to the summit and equally to transport supplies to the top, the Koko Head Railway was built. Specifically, tracks that transported carts of supplies up and down the crater using a gasoline-powered winch. At the bottom of the volcanic crater there were associated US Army barracks and buildings at that time. In modern times, the stairs are the main feature. After World War II, the site was claimed and used by the Hawaii Air National Guard and the Air Force. Nearly twenty years later, in 1966, the Air Force and National Guard turned the site over to the City of Honolulu. Since then, the entire site has been open to the public and known as Koko Head District Park.

Good to know - Preparation

Before embarking on the Koko Head Railway Trail adventure, some important details should be considered. With only about two hours of time, the ascent to Koko Head Crater is a relatively short trip. However, as with any hike, weather, clothing and provisions should be considered.


Ideally, Koko Head should be climbed on a beautiful, sunny day. Not only will this provide the best view, it is also the best weather for your own safety. It is strongly discouraged to do the hike on a rainy day. Also, immediately after rainy weather, climbing the summit should not be attempted. The existing wooden steps are very slippery on rainy days. Even those who pay close attention and keep an eye on every step often slip away faster than expected. This is an enormous risk and additionally an increased risk of injury.


If you climb the steps, you will surely meet one or the other local, who conquers the steps in flip flops or slippers. But it should be remembered that locals know the trails like the back of their hand. Visitors are strongly advised to wear sturdy shoes and loose clothing. The steps are uneven, often requiring balance and a stable footing. Depending on the volume of visitors, unexpected swerving can quickly end up to the right or left of the steps. So you often find yourself off the path in grass, sand or gravel sooner than expected.


For the hike to the top of Koko Head crater, Sunday clothes should be avoided. Neither a dress nor jeans are appropriate. It will be strenuous and warm. Loose sportswear, which offers a lot of leeway, is the best option here. Especially when descending, it is not uncommon for travelers to bring their hands into play for additional support. Likewise, it is not uncommon to see visitors descending the steep part from the summit on all fours. Whether one would like to master this as with a ladder or rather in inverted body posture, is up to everyone.


The hike to the top of Koko Head Craters has only a few shady spots at the beginning and even near the summit only a few trees provide shade. Sunscreen, cap or hat should be brought in any case to protect yourself from the strong sun. Alternatively, the hike can be done in the early morning hours, in the times after sunrise the heat is still bearable and the ascent is much easier than in the blazing sun. To make the hike in the morning has not only the cooler weather to the advantage, also the descent is much more pleasant at these times, because not so many visitors are still on site.


Those who approach the tour from a sporting perspective usually only have a bottle of water and maybe one or two protein bars with them. Travelers usually have a small backpack with them. It should contain sufficient liquid. Those who do not exercise regularly should carry more than one bottle of water. Usually, visitors do not spread out a picnic on the summit. Of course, those who wish can still bring snacks and eat them while enjoying the fascinating view. But remember, the more you take with you, the more weight you have to lug to the top.

Koko Head Crater - parking and travel options

The starting point and also the parking lot is located at the foot of the crater. There is an option to get there by rental car or Uber. From there, pass the baseball field and turn left onto a trail. This leads to the start of the trail without any detours. Likewise, it is possible to get to Koko Head Crater by bus, the exit point is stop Hanauma Bay. To get to the trail, cross the road and take the paved trail to the left. This trail leads downhill to the same trail that is taken from the parking lot. After a few minutes, the starting point is reached here as well. As soon as the steps appear in full splendor, one should take a moment to let the imposing picture, which offers itself, work. A picture of 1050 steps, which lead step by step and increasingly steep up the crater.

Over railroad tracks to the summit - start of the trail

Take another deep breath and off you go. The first steps do not yet require much effort, the steps are still well pronounced at the beginning and relatively easy to master. Nevertheless, the hike should be taken slowly. The steps are not steps as we know them from Germany, they are irregular, have different height profiles and widths and consist of different materials. Stone, wood or even bricks are supposed to represent steps as well as bridge defective sections. Step by step it goes upwards, until it becomes adventurous halfway. Here you have to cross a small slope. Instead of steps, there is an old railroad track that has to be bridged. Below, the path descends a few meters to nowhere. Here we have to do a little balancing act. Because only every second step on the railroad track offers the safety of a wooden board under the feet. There is also no railing available. But do not worry, with a little concentration this piece is well manageable. Step by step and not too hectic. Those who are afraid of heights or simply do not dare to cross the railroad track can walk a small path to the left of the rail. This acts as a detour and leads safely to the other end without crossing the dizzying rail.

Once you have safely arrived over there, you can take a breather with a clear conscience. The view, which gets better with every step, should also be marveled at during every break. Slowly, the first steps recede into the distance, the palm trees become smaller and the higher you get, the further the fascinating view reaches. On we go. Now the steps become more irregular, many are no longer in good condition and are bridged with piled up stones or wooden boards. Here begins the difficult part, the endurance wears off and the steps seem to be endlessly high as well as steep. Many a person is grateful here for oncoming traffic to take a moment's break on the shoulder. But even a deliberate break is no reason for a guilty conscience. Just stand to the right or left of the steps, take a big drink of water and enjoy the spectacular view. Shortly before the summit, it is most strenuous to climb the steps. The power decreases, the thighs make themselves felt and the sun still shines down mercilessly. Now maybe 100 or 200 steps are still missing, but giving up is no longer an option. So we grit our teeth and push on. The effort pays off at the summit. Two old, dilapidated bunker buildings are still there. One or the other shady spot is also available. Before it goes the same way down, it is to rest, drink a lot, maybe a snack and enjoy the breathtaking 360 degree view over Hawaii.

What we say

Certainly more workout instead of hiking and a lot is going on. Nevertheless, it simply remains a special memory for everyone who climbs his way up the old railroad tracks to enjoy the great view. For us, always worth a visit.
Our checklist & tips:
  • Opening hours are from 07:00 to 22:00
  • Parking is available at the base of the crater in Koko Head District Park
  • choose sporty clothes and shoes
  • Pack enough liquid and sunscreen
  • If it has rained, not recommended (tracks become slippery).
  • make the tour better in the morning. So there is less crowd and it is usually a little cooler.

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Map and contact data

423 Kaumakani St, Honolulu, HI 96825, United States
Longitude: -157.69194563388353
Latitude: 21.28096918223474
Phone: +1 808-768-6718

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